Since 2014, the USA used the Manas Air Base (unofficially Ganci Air Base) near Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan.
The American troops vacated the base in 2020. It was handed over back to the Kyrgyzstan military. (The US commander of the former Manas air base is a friend of me.)
The Russian military base, a stone’s throw from the former US military base, is still there.

On 02.06.2020   President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev has declared that construction of a US military base in Kazakhstan is out of question. „The contract with the US biolab facility in Almaty expired and the Americans left the reference laboratory, only Kazakhstani specialists work there at the expense of our budget. Given the relevance of research in this area, we are ready for the most transparent cooperation with Russian specialists,“ Tokayev said.

10.05.2021   As per the administration of US President Joe Biden, it would be best to deploy troops in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, which border Afghanistan, which allows the US to quickly get into Afghanistan if necessary
But the constitution of Uzbekistan does not provide for the deployment of foreign military bases and facilities in the country, the press service of the Uzbek Defence Ministry told RIA Novosti.

The United States has a small Air Force team, normally around seven airmen, who assist US aircraft to refuel at Ashgabat Airport, as part of this rebuilding and stabilizing effort for Afghanistan. Turkmenistan allows the US overflights of humanitarian cargo in support of stabilizing and rebuilding efforts in Afghanistan.

There ain’t no US military bases in Tajikistan. Tajikistan is a member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and hosts a Russian military base. >From all the countries in Central Asia, Tajikistan has the frostiest relations with the United States.

As Washington looks for options post-Afghanistan withdrawal, Islamabad isn’t going to roll out the red carpet.
„Don’t Expect Pakistan to Host US Military Bases“  Imran Khan, PM of Pakistan said on 09.06.2021

After the chaotic US military retreat from Afghanistan on 15.08.2021, Afghanistan is lost forever.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is an intergovernmental international organization founded in Shanghai on 15.06.2001 by six countries: China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
The SCO is an Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance. Currently, the main focus is on exchange of military and intelligence information.
Observer countries are: Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, Mongolia.
Partner countries are: Turkmenistan, Armenia, Azerbaijian, Cambodja, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Turkey.
Yesterday, Iran announced that all political obstacles are resolved for getting a full member of the SCO.
The SCO countries represent half of the global population.
(NATO countries: 950 million people, 1/8 of the world population)


Frans Vandenbosch  方腾波

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